Cocoa farmers association of Nigeria (CFAN) was formed in the year 1999 by some representative of cocoa farmers in all the cocoa producing States in Nigeria.
The association is the umbrella body for the entire cocoa farmers across the cocoa producing states with the sole aim of protecting the cocoa farmers who had been neglected in the cocoa value chain in the country due to the weakling structure of cocoa farmers organization.
In the 1950’s to 1980’s cocoa exportation was the monopoly preserve of the government using commodity marketing boards. Therefore, domestic traders who were local buying Agents (LBAs) formed LBA association in negotiating prices with cocoa with marketing board.
The farmers formed localized co-operatives association. They even had co-operative Bank to underline how important they were. But these co-operatives were not commodity based, they were multi purpose dealing with different crops and having multi-purpose function.
POST 1986: AFTER THE ABOLITION OF THE MARKETING BOARDS.
In 1986, cocoa exportation was privatized, therefore private traders and exporters rose to the occasion and traders association was formed as a front for cocoa exporters and buyers (LBA’s) through the ministry of Commerce which oversees traders or commercial associations.
As for the farmers, the vacuum remained because of the poverty of the farmers to put up a virile strong association to represent the cocoa farmers. The cocoa farmers were therefore oppressed and marginalized by traders associations. Traders association represented middlemen between the farmers and the European or American companies who are end users. Therefore, because there was no control organization representing the farmers, traders associations become a menace pricing the cocoa bean of the farmers down and bargaining for maximum price from overseas. So they were the middlemen organization which benefited from poor low prices paid to cocoa farmers and at the same time extracted high prices from the oversees buyers. So, cocoa traders become millionaires while the cocoa farmers become poorer. Therefore, it was gratifying in the year 1999, when President Olusegun Obasanjo, during the farmers summit held in November,25th 1999 at Abuja international conference centre encouraged the formation of the cocoa farmers association of Nigeria as the umbrella body for the entire cocoa peasant farmers which occupied the production sector in the cocoa value chain which was eventually registered in the year 2002.
HISTORIC VISIT TO ASO ROCK AND THE BEGINNING OF NATIONAL COCOA DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE NCDC.
With the success and recognition given to cocoa farmers association of Nigeria (CFAN), our association sought permission to meet President Olusegun Obasanjo, with a delegation of cocoa farmers to let him know the pathetic situation of the cocoa economy of Nigeria and that of the cocoa farmers of Nigeria.
President Obasanjo granted the permission and a delegation of 28 members of cocoa farmers association of Nigeria met President Obasanjo on the 28/03/2000 and presented a 52 page blue print to Mr. President. Mr. President was moved by the pathetic revelation of the condition of the cocoa economy of Nigeria and also the declining status and position of Nigeria in the World production of cocoa and because of this, President Obasanjo released $8 million Dollars to the Federal Ministry of Agriculture to start off the planning to rehabilitate the cocoa economy of Nigeria through the National Cocoa Development Committee (NCDC), so as to put this country back to at least the 2nd position that Nigeria once occupied in the world of cocoa production.
National Level —> State Level —> Local Govt. Level —> Community/Village Level —> Farm Gate
- To serve as the rally-point for the entire cocoa farmers in Nigeria.
- To maximize the contribution of the cocoa industry to income generation, employment, and foreign exchange by increasing productivity and promoting upstream and downstream activities.
- To maintain, manage and develop cocoa sector.
- To work with other developing partners in the technology transferring and professionalization of the cocoa sector.
- Enhances the production of quality cocoa beans in Nigeria.
- Assists cocoa farmers in timely procurement and supply of cocoa inputs.
- Encouraging the formation of co-operative societies among the cocoa farmers group and work towards the enhancement of group marketing of cocoa beans among the Cocoa farmers.
- Facilitate access to micro credit support to cocoa farmers for better productivity and better livelihood.
- Liaising with other stake holders in the cocoa industry for the sustainability of cocoa economy of Nigeria.
Cocoa Producing States Under CFAN:
Over 300,000 Members scattering all over the cocoa producing states in Nigeria